The furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasties in China, that is, made in Ming and Qing Dynasties, enjoys a great reputation in the world. Ming and Qing furniture has become two independent furniture styles because of its high aesthetic value. Later generations imitated them, namely, Ming style and Qing style furniture. One famous saying is that western furniture will not match in Chinese style buildings, but it seems to be very harmonious if Chinese Ming and Qing style furniture is placed in the western style bedroom. At present, there are certain Ming and Qing furniture markets in Beijing, Shanghai, Macao and other places. Especially in Macao, there are famous Ming and Qing furniture streets, famous for imitation of Ming and Qing style furniture. Many European and American people have come to Macao to buy furniture, consign home to decorate their own bedroom. In fact, the imitation of Ming style, Qing style furniture is not cheap. But if it is a real heirloom, it is not surprising that millions of chairs should be put. Furniture is made of wood, and it has the characteristics of permanent preservation, different from Pearl and jadeite; The original and fundamental purpose of furniture is to use it not to watch, and the Ming and Qing Dynasties are not too long since the present; The furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasties in China, in particular, is the furniture of the official court and the rich and precious families in Ming and Qing Dynasties. One of the most remarkable features of it is the material made. Zheng He went to the West seven times in Ming Dynasty, marking the beginning of modern Chinese ocean trade. Since then, the Chinese royal family and high-ranking officials began to buy high-quality hardwood from Nanyang as the furniture materials. The so-called hardwood, also known as fine wood, is hard in material, dense, and submerged, easy to preserve, mainly composed of yellow pear, rosewood and red wood.
In Ming Dynasty, most of them were pear, and rosewood and rosewood were used in Qing Dynasty. These valuable wood, solid and fine texture, clear and beautiful patterns, deep and pure and elegant color. The aesthetic taste of the Chinese nation has always been full of aestheticism and idealism.
The furniture of Ming Dynasty is characterized by simplicity and simplicity, while Qing Dynasty furniture is exquisite and meticulous, and it integrates folk stories and myths into the diaoliang painting building, showing a kind of elegant and elegant peace.
Nostalgia and sentiment: psychologically, the more far away from an age, the more mysterious people are about that time, and the more they yearn for the era. In the process of eliminating hypocrisy, seeking truth, and learning from the rough, we can miss and absorb the culture and nutrition of that era, and chant several ancient poems in the meantime, and we will find some feeling of being out of customs.
Natural and simple: in ancient China, furniture decoration, in the use of wood is exquisite wood; In the decoration process, its content is all from the nature of everything. Such as the flower, fish and insects, birds and animals, landscape and trees, heaven and earth, will be rich imagination and beautiful meaning throughout it. For example, bats, deer, monsters and magpies often appeared in Qing Dynasty furniture.It is designed to be homophonic. But in the characterization of characters, they often smile, reflecting the indomitable, optimistic and upward spirit of the Chinese nation.
Ming style furniture is simple, bold and regular, while Qing Dynasty furniture is exquisite and elegant.
Ming Dynasty is the golden age of the development of Chinese classical furniture. Ming style furniture mostly uses hardwood, with huanghuali and red sandalwood being the most common. The structure adopts small structure splicing, uses cotton Mao, and pays attention to the rationality and diversity of functions in modeling. It is not only in line with people's physiological characteristics, but also rich and elegant. It is a combination of art and practicality. Ming style furniture is rarely painted, and there is not too much decoration. It highlights the wood color texture, reflects the beauty of material, and forms fresh and elegant, Bright and simple style.
Ming style furniture is mainly made of Huanghua pear wood, and other wood is rarely used. The furniture with yellow face is mainly made of tables, chairs and cupboards. There is no inlay and carving lock, but very little carving. At the end of Ming Dynasty and the beginning of Qing Dynasty, due to the lack of huanghuali wood, red sandalwood was used to process the noodles. There are few large pieces of red sandalwood furniture. The width of wood is generally less than eight inches. The wood material is good. There are many kinds of red sandalwood. According to different materials, the price varies greatly. The most expensive one is Venus red sandalwood.
In addition, it can also be judged from material selection, thread base, carving, inlay and other decorative techniques. Ming Dynasty uses a lot of hardwood furniture, but also makes full use of its beautiful patterns. In many furniture treasures, we can see that the best materials are usually used in the most prominent parts of furniture, such as the face center plate, door center plate, drawer face and back plate, etc., which are all made of beautiful materials to achieve decorative effect.
Qing style furniture has the following characteristics:
First, the pursuit of innovation in variety and shape. There are many kinds of Qing style furniture, many of which have styles and characteristics that the previous generation did not have. For example, Li Yu in the Qing Dynasty advocated setting up more drawers for several cases and adding more shelves for cupboards, thus opening a precedent for Qing style bookcases and duobaoge. According to historical records, the warm chair for charcoal fire and the cool Kang for cold water were all created by Li Yu. Qing style official court furniture is more innovative. For example, there is a kind of wooden bed, on which there are not only hat rack, clothes rack, bottle holder, lamp stand, overhanging rack, but also a sputum bucket rack that can be lifted and lowered. In addition, the shape of Qing style furniture is also changeable. Over the years, museums and collectors at home and abroad have collected countless Qing style furniture, but they still occasionally find strange varieties of Qing style furniture that have never been seen before, and it is difficult for some furniture to guess what they are.
Second, there is a wide field of vision in the use of materials. In terms of material selection, Qing style furniture advocates precious hardwood with deep color, dense texture and fine texture, especially red sandalwood. The artistic style is integrated with Chinese and western. From the handed down Qing style furniture, people can easily feel the strong breath of foreign culture, especially western art. Qing style furniture not only inherited the advantages of Ming style, but also borrowed Western civilization boldly. From the perspective of the existing Qing style furniture, Western decorative patterns or decorative techniques account for a considerable proportion.
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